“Do ya feel lucky?” Investing after Retirement

It’s the third day of a NEW YEAR (2022) and over the past week or so I’ve wished a lot of people “good health and good fortune in the coming year.” While I have to leave the health part up to Dr. Fauci and his friends (whose predictions seem to be less guaranteed than any other bet you can make these days), I do know an expert who can help you with the fortune part.

In part two of our series, “Financial Planning for Your Retirement: How to Quit the Rat Race but Keep the Cheese,” I shared your questions about investing after retirement with Fred Dawson ChFC, CLU, Wealth Manager and President of Bassett, Dawson and Foy, Inc. in Wilmington, Delaware (see Part One here). With more than 30 years of comprehensive wealth management experience, Fred is dedicated to being a trusted advisor, especially to successful women.

Wondering how to keep your cheese and maybe even make it grow during the coming year? Read on …

NYD: After I’ve saved for retirement, how do I spend that money? Do I need to make a budget to know exactly what I will spend? Does the money go into my bank account?

FD: Even though a budget can be a chore, it certainly gives you peace of mind knowing that you have recognized all the anticipated expenses and you’re going to enjoy being retired, not worrying about money! You carefully spend that money on things you NEED first. You then have the “luxury” of considering purchasing “wants.” If you do not “control” your money, your money will end up “controlling you!” If you know you’ve met all your monthly expenses and have some left over, you can consider saving/investing more for future goals (special vacations, trips, gifts, supporting your favorite charity, etc.). My concern is that if you do not monitor your money carefully, any excess might get “frittered away.”

(Start budgeting and planning. Download your “Monthly Expense Sheet” here)

NYD: How do I know how to invest my retirement savings?

A good man always knows his limitations.

Dirty Harry

FD: Like my favorite movie actor’s character “Dirty Harry” (Clint Eastwood) said profoundly, “A good man always knows his limitations.” Investing money is not for the unexperienced, untrained, faint of heart person. There are so many things to invest in, with many things that could go wrong! Some are guaranteed with guarantees that are usually quite low, and some have no guarantees whatsoever but offer good returns (of course with higher risk)! Yes, you could even lose your principal very easily by investing without complete due diligence in understanding the good, the bad and the ugly! (Thanks again, Harry!)

I utilize a questionnaire not only to assess various risk parameters, but it offers an amazing opportunity to discuss “what is risk?” I find that people nearing retirement are not looking for the “thrill of victory nor the agony of defeat.” A professional financial advisor that focuses on your best interests should be part of your retirement team. There are many things that a competent financial advisor needs to know before any recommendations are made. This is definitely not the time to “go it alone!”

Of course, it is important to ask any advisor you are considering how they get paid, how much and how often! Also keep in mind that the “low-cost provider” may not be the best choice if their lone attribute is “we’re cheap!” (YIKES!) Last point, if you are sick, you go see a doctor. Most of us don’t try to diagnose and treat our own health conditions. Your financial health is just as important, don’t you think?

NYD: Can you explain annuities – what to know and watch out for?

FD: Annuities can be an excellent consideration, but like “all things in moderation,” I would not put all my eggs in any one basket. Most annuities (lump sums) are not liquid in the earlier years as the insurance company will trigger the “deferred contingent sales charge” if you remove more than the allotted monthly amount. Fixed annuities merely turn a lump sum into an income stream (aka pension) so that the lump sum is never available, just the monthly income. Some annuities have the ability to invest in stock and bond portfolios while offering you the ability to “capture” some of the upside of the market, but when the market goes down, the annuity guarantees that you will earn “0”….not say, lose -10% (or more?) should the market tumble from time to time. Those are called Indexed Annuities.

Selecting the right payout is also very important. For example, if you are not concerned about leaving income or assets to anyone else, then you can take the highest monthly payout for your life only. If you have a spouse and want to leave income for them, then you would select another option that would payout less, but would continue to pay some amount you select to your spouse.

The more I learn about annuities the more I realize they are very complex financial instruments. Just like there are carpenters out there that carry around a hammer as they see that everything is a “nail.” Some advisors are merely insurance salesman and the only thing they have to offer is life insurance products like annuities and are not licensed to even speak about other investment vehicles. One size does not fit all! Harry didn’t say that, I did!

NYD: What about taxes in retirement? Any tips?

FD: Everyone hates taxes except our government! Another member of your team could be your accountant/tax preparer. After a careful examination of your income sources and assets, your accountant would be better consulted on those issues. Even though one of our past presidents said he was going to make the tax system “fairer and simpler” it didn’t happen.

In some recent zoom meeting about pending tax legislation, it’s only going to get more complicated and with increasing debt, Uncle Sam will be looking for more ways to get into your pockets. Uncle wants everyone to pay their fair share, only nobody has shown me what defines fair. I’m reminded almost daily “it’s not what you make that is so important, it’s what you get to keep!”

NYD: Where can your money make money? At a certain age, risk versus reward needs to be considered. I believe we are now taxed 50% on our Social Security – will they be able to tax the other half? What do you think of diversifying banked money into silver, gold, etc?

FD: When a married couple files a joint return, if they exceed $32,000 modified adjusted gross income (MAGI), then 50% of Social Security will be included in your taxable income. If you exceed $44,000 MAGI then 85% of your Social Security will be included in your taxable income. It’s different if you are single. Will they be able to tax the other half is anyone’s guess. We are taxed at the “pleasure” of the IRS.

Most people need some amount of prudent risk in their portfolios. I’m not a big proponent of investing in silver and gold as they are not good long-term investments. They will sometimes respond favorably to inflation or a crisis somewhere in the world, and spike accordingly and usually briefly. What some folks ignore is if you invest in gold, how do you spend it? Do you take your gold bars to the store with hack saw? Or do you take your gold coins to the “automat?” It sounds good but not very practical.

I believe there are opportunities to invest in the stock market as long as you are not attempting to do it yourself! There are quality mutual funds and private portfolio money managers out there that should be considered as they each have strategies, philosophies, disciplines that the “do it yourselfer” usually does not have. That said, the “do it yourselfer” will get lucky occasionally. So then you need to ask yourself; do you feel lucky or smart?

President of Bassett, Dawson & Foy, Inc., Fred Dawson entered the world of financial planning in 1980. He has earned the professional designations Chartered Financial Consultant (ChFC) and Chartered Life Underwriter (CLU). A frequent columnist for the “Ask the Experts” section of The News Journal (Delaware) and other local, national and international publications, Fred can often be heard on both radio and national television.

Financial Planning for Your Retirement: How to Quit the Rat Race but Keep the Cheese

You’ve probably heard it a few times by now – one more thing the COVID-19 pandemic has affected is the number of adults in the United States who have retired. According to a Pew Research Center analysis of the most recent official labor force data, 50.3% of U.S. adults 55 and older said they were out of the labor force due to retirement in the third quarter of 2021. By contrast, in the third quarter of 2019 (before the onset of the pandemic) 48.1% of those adults were retired. In the third quarter of 2021 66.9% of 65- to 74-year-olds were retired, compared with 64.0% in the same quarter of 2019.

Now, when you consider that “retire” means “to withdraw from one’s position or occupation” you might come to the conclusion that if you’re one of those people who are, or who are thinking about retiring, it just might be a good idea to figure out your financial situation first.

So, I asked many of our Not-Yet-Dead subscribers: “Have you planned for your retirement? And do you have any questions about preparing for your financial future?”

And the questions came in faster than you can say “do you offer senior discounts?”

So, on behalf of my fellow not-yet-dead retirees and retirees-to-be, I reached out to an expert. Fred Dawson ChFC, CLU, is a Wealth Manager and President of Bassett, Dawson and Foy, Inc. in Wilmington, Delaware. With more than 30 years of comprehensive wealth management experience, Fred is dedicated to being a trusted advisor, especially to successful women.

“My years of experience in advising successful women, many of whom I’ve interviewed for my books and articles, have revealed some extraordinary points of view, opinions, feelings and ideas about the financial well-being of women,” Fred said. “Women tend to think of everyone else first. What’s more, women have a natural propensity to outlive men. They may be faced with making some decisions they do not feel ready to face. Many find themselves suddenly faced with a myriad of decisions when they may be most vulnerable to well-intended, but uninformed advice.”

Fred graciously offered to answer your questions about Social Security, retirement planning, financial planning … and there were a LOT of them! For that reason, this will be the first of a two-part post on the subject. This week: “Planning for Your Retirement and Social Security Concerns.” Next week Fred answers your questions about “Investing after Retirement.”

Planning for your retirement

NYD: I know we’re all supposed to be financially aware and learn about family finances throughout our marriages, but face it, that’s not always the case. One spouse often takes care of it, and the other thinks she/he will get around to learning and doing more “someday.” So, what’s the bare minimum you need to know so that if your “bookkeeping spouse” dies first, you have the info you need to begin to assume this (dreaded!) responsibility? And armed with that info, who can you hire to mentor you until you are comfortable handling it on your own?

FD: Early on in my marriage to Louise, I made her a deal. I would bring home the paycheck and she would pay the bills as long as she would record all transactions by month. All went well until we decided we really needed to replace our car. I asked her to bring out the monthly records. I was quite impressed by the fact she recorded everything, even the $1.55 she spent at the WAWA. That said, I also noticed immediately that she never added it up. When asked why not, she responded “I didn’t want to know!” (LOL).

I would suggest that both spouses gather at the end of the month to pay the bills together.

I now have (this) on a computerized system that adds it up and after 43 years, she still does it dutifully and delivers it to me. After the same amount of time (43 years) helping people get control of their finances, I can see it is a very common problem. I would suggest that both spouses gather at the end of the month to pay the bills together. I have also included a copy of a monthly expense sheet (download here) that could be used as the basis of recording monthly expenses. The “unknown” always seems scarier than it really is. The key is getting organized and having a recording system by month so that nothing slips through the cracks.

One last thought; if you don’t control your money, your money will control you!

NYD: At what age should someone start thinking about retirement and planning for it financially?

FD: It’s important to develop a “savings mentality” even when you are young and just starting out. I rarely see it happen at younger ages as we are still busy trying to “keep up with The Jones” as we are putting children through college! I think most people get serious around age 50. If you are planning to retire one day, then PLAN to retire! A formal retirement plan along with guidance from your “financial team” (financial advisor, accountant, estate planning attorney) should be completed and reviewed at least annually to see if adjustments are needed. Sometimes you change your mind (It’s a man’s and a woman’s prerogative!), and we know that Uncle Sam changes the rules of the game frequently!

NYD: How do you know if you have enough money to retire? People are living longer these days and people are working longer, both because they anticipate living longer, and because they are feeling good and enjoy the activity.

FD: I strongly urge those who are considering retirement to prepare a monthly budget. Determine where ALL your money goes per month. (Determine) those things you pay annually (real estate taxes, insurance, etc.) (and) divide those numbers by 12 to come up with a monthly number. Things that are paid quarterly, divide by three for same reason. You now know (maybe for the first time in a long time) how much you actually need to live on per month. Congratulations!

Compare that answer to your monthly income sources (i.e., Social Security, pension, wages, rental income, etc.). If your “income equals your outgo” consider yourself lucky as most do not. I’ve even heard some people confess “at the end of my paycheck, I have too much month left over!”

Next, add up ALL the accounts that you may have (401(k), IRAs, CDs, savings, brokerage account statements, safety deposit box contents, etc.). When you total those accounts, assume an annual distribution rate of about 3% – 4%, then divide that by 12 for monthly added income. Of course, if these additional accounts are not generating 3%-4% currently, you may need to restructure them accordingly by considering investing in annuities and/or restructuring your other investments to generate more income with a conservatively managed stock and bond portfolio to accomplish that. It’s important to note that the new portfolio may not guarantee dividends or interest. Many annuities do guarantee income but can be generally illiquid (in a lump sum) should you need a lump of cash. Annuities can be very
complex financial instruments and vary greatly in their benefits. I also suggest that most people have a cushion of about 3-6 months of monthly expenses kept in a readily available interest- bearing account in case of emergencies or unplanned expenditures.

People are living longer and if they want to continue working full time or part time, that is an important consideration. That said, current health should also be considered realistically. If your health deteriorates later, you may erode your assets prematurely. Long term care insurance should be considered if you are in reasonably good health and can afford to purchase it.

An excellent financial advisor should be able to prepare a financial plan that could consider many of these points and add inflation to your income needs, as we know that inflation can seriously erode purchasing power of your savings and should not be ignored.

As this analysis can be daunting if you have limited financial experience, seeking out a properly credentialled and licensed financial advisor could be yet another excellent investment. I personally feel this is no time to “do it yourself” frankly as there are many moving parts and lots more questions to be addressed. This is only the beginning!

NYD: Should I play off a mortgage before retirement?

FD: Maybe! How’s that one! LOL! If you have a very low interest rate on the mortgage, probably not, especially if you have the income or asset base to continue paying the payment. The reasoning is that if your mortgage rate is 3.5% fixed for 30 years and you have an investment portfolio doing 6% on average per year, then the difference (2.5%) may still be making you more money. On the other hand, if the mortgage is just a nuisance, and you have the capital to pay it off without eroding your asset base significantly, then it should be considered.

Your tax preparer (CPA), should be consulted to make sure that other income sources and tax write offs or upcoming tax changes may negate or diminish those results. Keep in mind that if you have a mortgage and an available lump sum you may always have the ability to pay off the mortgage later. The reverse may not be an option. That is to say if you pay off the mortgage and then you need a lump sum for something, you may not qualify for another mortgage (at a higher rate?) or home equity line. Much of your money is locked up in your home. I personally like flexibility.

Answering your questions about Social Security

I had a joke for Generation Z about Social Security…

… But they’re probably not going to get it.

NYD: When is the best time to take money from social security? 62? 66? 70?

FD: If you do not need the income now and you are in good health with a family history of good health, my general answer is hold off as long as possible. Taking Social Security at 62 could mean that you’d get about 25% less than if you waited till your “full retirement age.” If you wait later than “full retirement age” until age 70, then you will receive about 30% more for the rest of your life!

Not only would you receive a higher monthly payout, but when annual (usually modest) increases are given, 1% (for example) of a bigger number at age 70 could be a big difference than someone starting at the much lower payout at 62. Yet another reason to know what your budget requires.

NYD: Our financial advisor told my husband to take his Social Security at 70 because there were direct advantages for me. He told me to take it at 66. I did the math on it and if I waited till 70, I would’ve made more per month, but I would’ve left $85,000 on the table and if I died before then… poof! Gone! Also, I’m concerned about what’s left considering the government is in trillions of dollars of debt. There are also some amazing annuities that we lucked into; however, some are laced with a lot of crazy fees that you have to be aware of.

FD: Loaded answer! It “depends.” And I’m not talking about adult diapers here! There are many tradeoffs that should be considered when faced with multiple opportunities to invest. If you can tell me exactly when you or your husband will die, I can tell you exactly what you need to do. Since nobody in almost 40 years has been able to tell me that accurately, we usually plan for most things “going wrong” then diversify/invest/insure accordingly.

If you plan for everything having a “happy ending” and disaster strikes, YIKES! Make sure you ask about and understand the fees. If you are getting value for your money, then you should be able to determine that easily. There are fees that you see, and there may be fees that you don’t see. Just be aware. Fees are not bad; it’s how your advisor gets rewarded for doing an excellent job for you.

Don’t get me started on our government’s debts as that does concern me and it should concern every American!

President of Bassett, Dawson & Foy, Inc., Fred Dawson entered the world of financial planning in 1980. He has earned the professional designations Chartered Financial Consultant (ChFC) and Chartered Life Underwriter (CLU). A frequent columnist for the “Ask the Experts” section of The News Journal (Delaware) and other local, national and international publications, Fred can often be heard on both radio and national television.